Conftest is a utility to help you write tests against structured configuration data. For instance you could write tests for your Kubernetes configurations, or Tekton pipeline definitions, Terraform code, Serverless configs or any other structured data.

Conftest relies on the Rego language from Open Policy Agent for writing the assertions. You can read more about Rego in How do I write policies in the Open Policy Agent documentation.


Conftest allows you to write policies using Open Policy Agent/rego and apply them to one or more configuration files. Policies by default should be placed in a directory called policy but this can be overridden.

For instance, save the following as policy/deployment.rego:

package main

deny[msg] {
  input.kind = "Deployment"
  not input.spec.template.spec.securityContext.runAsNonRoot = true
  msg = "Containers must not run as root"

deny[msg] {
  input.kind = "Deployment"
  msg = "Containers must provide app label for pod selectors"

By default conftest looks for deny, violation, and warn rules in the main namespace. This can be altered by running --namespace or provided on the configuration file. Rules can optionally be suffixed with an underscore and an identifier, for example deny_myrule.

Assuming you have a Kubernetes deployment in deployment.yaml you can run conftest like so:

$ conftest test deployment.yaml
FAIL - deployment.yaml - Containers must not run as root
FAIL - deployment.yaml - Deployments are not allowed

2 tests, 0 passed, 0 warnings, 2 failures

conftest can also be used with stdin:

$ cat deployment.yaml | conftest test -
FAIL - Containers must not run as root
FAIL - Deployments are not allowed

2 tests, 0 passed, 0 warnings, 2 failures

Note that Conftest isn't specific to Kubernetes. It will happily let you write tests for any configuration files. As of today conftest supports:

  • YAML
  • JSON
  • INI
  • TOML
  • HCL
  • HCL1
  • CUE
  • Dockerfile
  • EDN
  • VCL
  • XML